The Hodotermitinae are a sub–family of the family known as "rotten wood termites". There is only one genus, the Hodotermes.

An interesting species of termites belongs to this group. This species is the Pigmented harvester termite, Hodotermes mossambicus Hagen.

The harvester termite lives in the rangeland in Southern Africa. The termite workers forage during the day and also at night. Unlike the workers of many other termites, harvester termite workers have compound eyes. They cannot see clearly, but they can recognize sources of light.

The harvester termite workers make pheromone trails that they follow in order to make their way back to the nest opening. They follow the trails to bring food back to the nest. When these termites find a type of grass that they like, they often clear large patches.

The termites create bare areas that many people call "Fairy Rings". The size of the rings can vary because of the size of the termite colony, the amount of grass present, and the temperature.

The foraging workers can remove as much as 60% of the grass. This can cause shortages for livestock and wild game that depend on the grass for food. By removing the grass, the termites can also cause serious soil erosion.

The harvester termites can also become food for predators. Several species of beetles prey on the termites. The aardwolf feeds on several types of termites, but during the winter, harvester termites are often the bulk of its diet.

The bat–eared fox also feeds on the harvester termites. Some scientists think that the fox can locate the termites by the sound the workers make as they chew the grass stems.